Dear Pat: It’s great to read about all the ways energy-efficiency improvements to the home can save money, but what about folks like me who are renting or don’t have a lot of money to spend? Are there things I can do to reduce my energy bills? — Chelsea
Dear Chelsea: That’s an excellent question. Whether you’re renting or the budget won’t allow, not everyone can replace a furnace with an air-source heat pump. Here are seven low-cost efficiency tips that can help you reduce your energy bills.
1. Mind the thermostat.
You might be able to trim your energy bill by carefully managing the temperature in your home. The Department of Energy suggests setting your thermostat to 68 degrees on winter days. If that’s too cool, try other ways to stay warm like layering with an extra sweater. You can save more energy by turning down the thermostat even lower at night or when no one is home. The same principle works in reverse during summer months. Just set the thermostat higher to reduce your energy use for air conditioning.
2. Go programmable.
If you don’t always remember to adjust your thermostat manually, you could benefit from a programmable model. In the right situation and set correctly, programmable thermostats can save $150 a year. Some can be managed from your smartphone or other devices. Before you purchase one, make sure your landlord approves.
3. Try zone heating.
If you don’t mind less-used rooms being colder, you might be able to save energy (and money!) by zone heating. Electric baseboards make it easy because they typically have thermostat settings on the units or in each room. Portable electric space heaters can also be good tools for zone heating if they are used safely and wisely in the areas you spend the most time. Keep in mind that if you’re using space heaters, you’ll need to reduce the heating you’re supplying to the rest of the home. Space heaters that are used incorrectly can be dangerous and increase energy costs. If your heating system needs to be replaced, you can talk to your landlord about installing a mini-split system, which is perfect for zone heating and cooling and easier to install than a new duct-and-furnace system.
4. Stop air leaks.
Small gaps around windows, doors, wiring and plumbing penetrations can be major sources of energy loss. This problem can be alleviated with a little weather stripping and caulk, but you should check with your landlord before you get started. Better yet, convince the landlord to do the work! A $10 door draft stopper (also known as a “door snake”) is a simple way to block gaps underneath exterior doors. Sealing air leaks around your home could shave up to one-fifth of your heating and cooling bills.
5. Manage your windows and window coverings.
Your windows may be letting heat out during the winter and letting heat in during the summer. Window coverings like medium- or heavyweight curtains and thermal blinds can help. On cold winter days, window coverings can keep warmth inside and improve comfort. Opening up window coverings when you’re receiving direct sunlight is a “passive solar” technique that can help cut your heating costs. You can also cover windows with clear plastic to reduce heat loss and air leaks. During the summer, keep window coverings closed to block the sun and keep windows from heating the cooler indoor air.
6. Look for energy-wasters.
There are also small steps you can take every day to reduce your energy use. Keep water heaters at the warm setting (120 degrees). Wash dishes and clothes on the most economical settings that will do the job, and wash only full loads. Use the microwave instead of the oven when possible.
7. Landlords (and others) can help.
Hopefully these tips will help you reduce your energy bills and increase your comfort, but consider talking to your landlord about additional ways to save like installing better insulation, energy-efficient windows or heating systems. Many landlords make these types of investments to add appeal to their rental properties, which ultimately become more valuable. A home energy audit is the best way to identify areas for energy-efficiency improvements. Contact the professionals at your electric cooperative to see if they offer energy audits or can recommend someone local. An audit would be a great way to start a conversation with your landlord about potential improvements.